Trace metals in municipal sludges

J. Artiola-Fortuny, W. H. Fuller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


An evaluation of 12 total trace metals in 2 municipal sludges was made using 6 modified plant and soil methods. The presence of organic and inorganic constituents in roughly equal proportions required method modification from that usually employed. The procedures tested were: wet oxidation - H2O2, repeated wetting and drying; wet oxidation - HNO3+H202, repeated wetting and drying; wet oxidation - HNO3 + HClO4, heat digestion; Parr Bomb; dry ashing - with HNO3 predigestion + HF; and Na2CO3 fusion. Because of the great resistance of the organic matter of the sludges to complete oxidation by wet methods, the fifth and sixth methods were found to be the most effective and reliable. Sodium interferes with many trace-metal determinations by the atomic absorption spectroscopy limiting its use to only a few elements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-29
Number of pages3
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1979

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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