In contrast to gravity in the weak-field regime, which has been subject to numerous experimental tests, gravity in the strong-field regime is largely unconstrained by observations. We show that gravity theories that pass solar system tests, but that diverge from general relativity in the strong-field regime, predict neutron stars with significantly different properties than their general relativistic counterparts. The range of redshfits of surface atomic lines predicted by such theories is significantly wider than the uncertainty introduced by our lack of knowledge of the equation of state of ultradense matter. Measurements of such lines with x-ray observatories can thus put new constraints on strong-field gravity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)