Extracorporeal arteriovenous carbon dioxide removal (AVCO2R) using percutaneous cannulae and a low resistance gas exchanger achieves near total CO2 removal, allowing lung rest and potentially improving survival. AVCO2R, redesigned to allow ambulation, has potential as treatment for severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or rehabilitation before lung transplant. The purposes of this study were to 1) determine the optimal ambulatory access for AVCO2 removal and 2) develop a prototype Ambulatory-AVCO2R gas exchanger. Initially, reinforced Gore-Tex 6 mm (two) and 8 mm (four) grafts were anastomosed to sheep carotid arteries and jugular veins as a loop in parallel to the cranial circulation to determine blood flow capabilities. Blood flow was 100-150 ml/min with a 14 gauge dialysis needle, and transected 6 mm Gore-Tex grafts achieved 500-900 ml blood flow, whereas transected 8 mm grafts achieved up to 2000 ml/min flow. The polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) loops were then connected to our newly developed ultra low resistance pumpless gas exchanger for ambulatory AVCO2R. The average pressure gradient across the prototype Ambulatory-AVCO2R gas exchangers (n = 5) was 2.8 ± 0.8 mm Hg, and mean CO2 removal was 104.8 ± 14.0 ml/min, with an average blood flow of 900 ml/min. We conclude that an 8 mm Gore-Tex reinforced graft arteriovenous loop supplies ample blood flow for our new ultra low resistance Ambulatory-AVCO 2R to achieve near total CO2 removal.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Sep 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering