To NIRS or not: understanding clinical decision-making of respiratory support management related to acute respiratory failure using Critical Decision Method

Tianyi Zhang, Jarrod Mosier, Elizabeth Salvagio Campbell, Vignesh Subbian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Clinical decisions related to noninvasive respiratory support (NIRS) for acute respiratory failure patients are complex. NIRS strategies have favorable benefits for patients when successful but NIRS failure comes with longer ICU stays, increased mortality, and more intubation-related and mechanical ventilator-associated complications. Our goal is to understand how physicians make decisions regarding NIRS and explore the differences between emergency physicians and critical care physicians—who commonly make these decisions. We used the critical decision method to conduct ten semi-structured interviews with five emergency physicians and five critical care physicians from ten different healthcare systems across the United States. We found that physicians similarly use objective and subjective clinical cues but differentially use temporal and contextual cues in their decision-making. Several insights identified in our study can be helpful in the design and development of clinical decision support systems for respiratory support decision-making. Specifically, we recommend two customized distinct clinical decision support systems for respiratory support decision-making, one for each designated clinical setting (i.e., ED and ICU) with tailored designs that support the different decision-making processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalIISE Transactions on Healthcare Systems Engineering
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Keywords

  • acute respiratory failure
  • clinical decision-making
  • cognitive task analysis
  • Critical decision method
  • noninvasive respiratory support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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