Tinnitus correlates with downregulation of cortical glutamate decarboxylase 65 expression but not auditory cortical map reorganization

Asako Miyakawa, Weihua Wang, Sung Jin Cho, Delia Li, Sungchil Yang, Shaowen Bao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hearing loss is the biggest risk factor for tinnitus, and hearing-loss-related pathological changes in the auditory pathway have been hypothesized as the mechanism underlying tinnitus. However, due to the comorbidity of tinnitus and hearing loss, it has been difficult to differentiate between neural correlates of tinnitus and consequences of hearing loss. In this study, we dissociated tinnitus and hearing loss in FVB mice, which exhibit robust resistance to tinnitus following monaural noise-induced hearing loss. Furthermore, knock-down of glutamate decarboxylase 65 (GAD65) expression in auditory cortex (AI) by RNA interference gave rise to tinnitus in normal-hearing FVB mice. We found that tinnitus was significantly correlated with downregulation of GAD65 in the AI. By contrast, cortical map distortions, which have been hypothesized as a mechanism underlying tinnitus, were correlated with hearing loss but not tinnitus. Our findings suggest new strategies for the rehabilitation of tinnitus and other phantom sensation, such as phantom pain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9989-10001
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume39
Issue number50
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 11 2019

Keywords

  • Hearing loss
  • Inhibition
  • Noise trauma
  • Sensory map plasticity
  • Tinnitus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience

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