THz thermal emission control via electromagnetic band engineering

Ian A. Zimmerman, Ziran Wu, Hao Xin, Richard W. Ziolkowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In the following, we report on the design and implementation of an inexpensive thermal source for THz radiation with a highly tunable radiation signature. It consists of five 350-μm-thick Si wafers, each spaced 1 mm apart. The thermal emission of this structure was calculated analytically and numerically. A comprehensive study was performed that included analyzing the oblique incidence, polarization, and design tolerance effects. The thermal emission was calculated using both Kirchhoff's law and directly using a Green's function method. It was measured using a Michelson interferometer. The predicted and measured thermal emission spectra had peaks around 150 GHz apart, with a narrow bandwidth of 50 GHz. The peaks were up to 80% of the expected blackbody levels and the bandgaps had emission levels of about 20% of those blackbody values. We demonstrate that, using these techniques, it is possible to achieve a desired THz thermal emission signature, with narrowband features that can be engineered to have specific angles of emission and polarization states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6728692
Pages (from-to)213-224
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2014


  • Blackbody radiation
  • THz thermal emission
  • electromagnetic bandgap (EBG) structures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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