Thrombin induced secretion of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and its effect on nuclear signaling in endothelium

Raj Wadgaonkar, Kaumudi Somnay, Joe G.N. Garcia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


The procoagulant thrombin stimulates endothelial cells (EC) to undergo rapid cytoskeleton changes via signaling pathways that induce multiple phenotypic changes, including alterations in permeability, vasomotor tone, adhesion molecule synthesis, and leukocyte trafficking. We studied a novel role of thrombin's action on the endothelium that results in MIF secretion, which is linked to myosin light chain (MLC) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2)-dependent nuclear signaling. In bovine pulmonary artery EC (BPAEC), thrombin treatment induced intracellular MLC phosphorylation within 15 min, followed by a significant increase in MIF secretion within 30 min. Thrombin treatment induced biphasic ERK1/2 phosphorylation with an early phase occurring at 15 min and a later phase at 120 min. To understand the role of MIF secretion in thrombin-induced biphasic activation of ERK1/2, BPAE cells were treated with (i) recombinant MIF, and (ii) the medium collected from thrombin-treated BPAE cells. These studies demonstrated a sustained monophasic ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Inhibition of MIF secretion by MIF siRNA or antisense-MIF treatment, along with a neutralizing antibody, attenuated the thrombin-induced second phase ERK phosphorylation, suggesting a direct involvement of MIF in the second phase of ERK1/2 activation. Pretreatment of BPAE cells with an ERK kinase inhibitor and with antisense-MIF significantly inhibited thrombin-induced nuclear factor kappa (NF-B) activation. These results indicate that MIF secretion and ERK phosphorylation both play a necessary role in thrombin induced NF-B activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1279-1288
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Issue number5
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008


  • NFB
  • Thrombin-ERK

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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