Two three-dimensional models of a surface tension gradient driven flow during laser surface heating are developed. The first model is based on a perturbation solution. The basic solution corresponds to the stationary axisymmetric case, and perturbation is based on a small scanning velocity. The advantage of seeking a perturbation solution, as it turns out, is that the three-dimensional flow is modeled by two sets of two-dimensional equations which are presumably much more tractable than the original three-dimensional equations. Numerical solutions are obtained and discussed. The second model is a full three-dimensional numerical solution of the Navier-Stokes equations, using a point-by-point partially vectorized iteration scheme. Surface shape is also determined in a self-consistent manner. The effect of the presence of convection on pool geometry, cooling rate, and solute redistribution is presented and discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Unknown Host Publication Title|
|Editors||Sindo Kou, Robert Mehrabian|
|Publisher||Metallurgical Soc of AIME|
|Number of pages||18|
|State||Published - 1986|
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