Thiacalix[4]arene-Protected Titanium-Oxo Clusters: Influence of Ligand Conformation and Ti-S Coordination on the Visible-Light Photocatalytic Hydrogen Production

Xin Wang, Yanan Yu, Zhao Wang, Jian Zheng, Yanfeng Bi, Zhiping Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

p-tert-Butylthiacalix[4]arene (H4TC4A)-decorated tetranuclear (Ti4) and hexanuclear (Ti6) polyoxo-titanium clusters (PTCs) were synthesized in isopropyl alcohol by a low-temperature solvothermal method. The structures were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, in which the ligands adopt 1,2-alternative and cone-shaped conformations, respectively. Both PTCs show UV-vis absorptions up to 600 nm with band gaps at 2.19 eV (Ti4) and 2.24 eV (Ti6), respectively. Visible-light photocatalytic H2 production for Ti4 was measured to be 73.56 μmol/(g h), which is almost 5 times of that of Ti6 (15.16 μmol/(g h)). Results of density functional theory (DFT) calculations suggested that the different Ti-S coordination modes originating from the conformational disparity of the ligands are primarily responsible for the observed different photocatalytic activities. Not only does this work provides a better understanding of the structure-property relationships in using titanium-oxo clusters for photocatalytic H2 production but it also offers a means of tuning the band gap of the catalysts by varying the conformations of the ligands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7150-7157
Number of pages8
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume59
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 18 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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