Thermally modulated shape memory alloy friction pendulum (tmSMA-FP) for substantial near-fault earthquake structure protection

Sourav Gur, George N Frantziskonis, Sudib K. Mishra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


Vibration control of structures under near-fault earthquakes by employing a friction pendulum supplemented with thermally modulated shape memory alloy (SMA) springs as damper system is studied. Temperature modulation of the SMA spring during the earthquake effectively alters its hysteretic energy dissipation capacity and thereby the control efficiency of the isolation system. The response of a structure with the isolation system is evaluated through nonlinear dynamic time-history analysis under a set of recorded near-fault ground motions. Through temperature modulation that effectively yields a large SMA hysteretic energy dissipation, the hybrid friction pendulum system with SMA temperature modulation shows enormous control efficiency. A parametric study reveals that under a wide range of conditions, the thermally modulated SMA friction pendulum isolation system shows improved control efficiency over conventional friction pendulum and SMA friction pendulum isolation systems. Further, the temperature-tuned SMA hysteresis loops substantially suppress the high frequency components of earthquake motions, thus reducing the possibility of damage to the structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2021
JournalStructural Control and Health Monitoring
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2017


  • friction pendulum
  • near-fault earthquakes
  • shape memory alloy (SMA)
  • thermo-mechanical model
  • vibration control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials


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