Thermal aspects of machining processes and their design sensitivities. A BEM approach

Abhijit Chandra, Cho Lik Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Elevated temperatures generated in machining operations influence the process efficiency, surface quality, and the chip formation mechanics. A BEM formulation for the determination of design sensitivities of temperature and flux distributions to several shape and process parameters in machining operations is presented in this paper. This approach is based on direct differentiation (DDA) of the relevant BEM formulation of the problem. The heat transfer and its sensitivities within the tool, the chip, and the workpiece are first calculated separately. A complete model for steady-state machining is then obtained by matching the boundary conditions across the tool-chip, the chip-workpiece, and the tool-workpiece interfaces. An exact expression for matching is developed to avoid any iterations. The temperature fields and their sensitivities within the workpiece, the chip, and the tool are obtained for various processing conditions. The situation of progressive flank wear with continued machining is considered, and its effect on the temperature field is investigated. The BEM is found to be very robust and efficient for this class of steady-state conduction-convection problems. The application of DDA in conjunction with BEM allows efficient determination of design sensitivities and avoids strongly singular kernels. This approach provides a new avenue toward efficient optimization of the thermal aspects of machining processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-145
Number of pages19
JournalAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Applied Mechanics Division, AMD
StatePublished - 1990
EventWinter Annual Meeting of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers - Dallas, TX, USA
Duration: Nov 25 1990Nov 30 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


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