Therapeutic potential of gene-modified regulatory T cells: From Bench to Bedside

Wook Jin Chae, Alfred L.M. Bothwell

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are an important subset of adaptive immune cells and control immune reactions for maintaining homeostasis. Tregs are generated upon their encounter with self or non-self-antigen and mediate tolerance or suppress aberrant immune responses. A high level of specificity of Tregs to recognize antigen(s) suggested their instrumental potential to treat various inflammatory diseases. This review will first introduce seminal basic research findings in the field of Tregs over the last two decades pertinent to therapeutic approaches in progress. We will then discuss the previous approaches to use Tregs for therapeutic purposes and the more recent development of gene-modification approaches. The suppressive function of Tregs has been studied intensively in clinical settings, including cancer, autoimmunity, and allotransplantation. In cancer, Tregs are often aberrantly increased in their number, and their suppressor function inhibits mounting of effective antitumor immune responses. We will examine potential approaches of using gene-modified Tregs to treat cancer. In autoimmunity and allotransplantation, chronic inflammation due to inherent genetic defects in the immune system or mismatch between organ donor and recipient results in dysfunction of Tregs, leading to inflammatory diseases or rejection, respectively. Since the recognition of antigen is a central part in Treg function and their therapeutic use, the modulation of T cell receptor specificity will be discussed. Finally, we will focus on future novel strategies employing the therapeutic potential of Tregs using gene modification to broaden our perspective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number303
JournalFrontiers in immunology
Volume9
Issue numberFEB
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 16 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autoimmunity
  • Cancer
  • Gene modification
  • Regulatory T cell
  • Therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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