The v-sis transforming gene of simian sarcoma virus is a new onc gene of primate origin

Flossie Wong-Staal, Riccardo Dalla Favera, Edward P. Gelmann, Vittorio Manzari, Stanislaw Szala, Steven F. Josephs, Robert C. Gallo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The defective transforming simian sarcoma virus (SSV) and its nondefective helper virus (SSAV) are retroviruses isolated from a fibrosarcoma of a pet woolly monkey. Together with the gibbon ape leukaemia viruses, they are the only group of retroviruses known to cause spontaneous and experimentally induced neoplasia in primates (see refs 1 and 2 for review). Molecular cloning has shown that SSV contains a 1.2-kilobase (kb) transformation-specific viral onc gene (v-sis)3,4 which, like other viral onc genes, is derived from a set of conserved cellular DNA sequences5. A human DNA fragment containing sequences homologous to the entire v-sis gene has also been cloned and analysed6. We present here experiments carried out on the cloned SSV genome which show that: (1) v-sis is distinct from other viral transforming (onc) genes; and (2) v-sis is derived from a woolly monkey naturally infected once with gibbon ape leukaemia virus (GaLV) and is to date the only onc gene of primate origin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-275
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume294
Issue number5838
DOIs
StatePublished - 1981
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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