The U.S.–mexico commodity-labor exchange

Kathleen C. Schwartzman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The right the sans-papiers were demanding was the right to be seen and heard. These rights are the basic rights in any democracy. The RESF network, which presents itself as a fervent defender and promoter of democracy. In RESF, sponsorship primarily signifies what we can call the republican sponsorship of sans-papiers. As shown in the "Sans-Papiers Manifesto" and the "Call to Regularize Sans-Papiers Schooled in France" launched by RESF, this fight, this struggle is done in the name of democratic ideals, in the name of liberty and justice, in the name of human rights. Integration refers to a set of economic, legal, and political procedures for managing immigrant populations in which the national government plays the principal role. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), which has increased the number of vectors and methods of communication and networking, could be seen as playing the role of accelerating or multiplying the various forms of bottom-up integration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMass Migration in the World-system
Subtitle of host publicationPast, Present, and Future
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9781317256267
ISBN (Print)9781594518133
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)


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