The use of modified scaling factors in the design of high-power, non-linear, transmitting rod-core antennas

Jared Williams Jordan, Steven L. Dvorak, Ben K. Sternberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In this paper, we develop a technique for designing high-power, non-linear, transmitting rod-core antennas by using simple modified scale factors rather than running labor-intensive numerical models. By using modified scale factors, a designer can predict changes in magnetic moment, inductance, core series loss resistance, etc. We define modified scale factors as the case when all physical dimensions of the rod antenna are scaled by p, except for the cross-sectional area of the individual wires or strips that are used to construct the core. This allows one to make measurements on a scaled-down version of the rod antenna using the same core material that will be used in the final antenna design. The modified scale factors were derived from prolate spheroidal analytical expressions for a finite-length rod antenna and were verified with experimental results. The modified scaling factors can only be used if the magnetic flux densities within the two scaled cores are the same. With the magnetic flux density constant, the two scaled cores will operate with the same complex permeability, thus changing the non-linear problem to a quasi-linear problem. We also demonstrate that by holding the number of turns times the drive current constant, while changing the number of turns, the inductance and core series loss resistance change by the number of turns squared. Experimental measurements were made on rod cores made from varying diameters of black oxide, low carbon steel wires and different widths of Metglas foil. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the modified scale factors work even in the presence of eddy currents within the core material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-122
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Geophysics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 2010


  • High magnetic moment
  • Low frequency
  • Non-linear
  • Scaling
  • Transmitting rod antenna

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics


Dive into the research topics of 'The use of modified scaling factors in the design of high-power, non-linear, transmitting rod-core antennas'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this