The upper limit for CH4 in the protostellar disk toward HL Tauri

E. L. Gibb, T. Rettig, S. Brittain, R. Haywood, Theodore Simon, C. Kulesa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


We used high-resolution infrared spectra of the heavily embedded T Tauri star HL Tau to search for evidence of absorption due to the R0, R1, and R2 gas-phase CH4 ν3 lines near 3.3 μm. From this, we report a 3 σ upper limit of 1.3 × 1015 cm-2 for the CH4 gas column density toward HL Tau. Our results are compared to those found for CO gas toward this source and to the recent model for chemistry in the inner (10 AU) disks around T Tauri stars by Markwick et al. We find that the upper limit of methane ice+gas column density toward HL Tau, when compared to CO, is somewhat lower than but consistent with that measured toward other interstellar sources (∼1%) but that it is much lower than that predicted in the Markwick et al. model and much less than the CH4/CO ratio (10%-80%) found in cometary volatiles. This has important implications for the processing of interstellar material and its incorporation into planetary bodies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L113-L116
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2 II
StatePublished - Aug 1 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • ISM: abundances
  • ISM: molecules
  • Infrared: ISM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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