Background: Healthcare disparities have always challenged surgical care in the US. We aimed to assess the influence of disparities on cerebral monitor placement and outcomes of geriatric TBI patients. Methods: Analysis of 2017–2019 ACS-TQIP. Included severe TBI patients ≥65 years. Patients who died within 24 h were excluded. Outcomes included mortality, cerebral monitors use, complications, and discharge disposition. Results: We included 208,495 patients (White = 175,941; Black = 12,194) (Hispanic = 195,769; Non-Hispanic = 12,258). On multivariable regression, White race was associated with higher mortality (aOR = 1.26; p < 0.001) and SNF/rehab discharge (aOR = 1.11; p < 0.001) and less likely to be discharged home (aOR = 0.90; p < 0.001) or to undergo cerebral monitoring (aOR = 0.77; p < 0.001) compared to Black. Non-Hispanics had higher mortality (aOR = 1.15; p = 0.013), complications (aOR = 1.26; p < 0.001), and SNF/Rehab discharge (aOR = 1.43; p < 0.001) and less likely to be discharged home (aOR = 0.69; p < 0.001) or to undergo cerebral monitoring (aOR = 0.84; p = 0.018) compared to Hispanics. Uninsured Hispanics had the lowest odds of SNF/rehab discharge (aOR = 0.18; p < 0.001). Conclusions: This study highlights the significant racial and ethnic disparities in the outcomes of geriatric TBI patients. Further studies are needed to address the reason behind these disparities and identify potentially modifiable risk factors in the geriatric trauma population.
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