The third interplanetary network

K. Hurley, S. Golenetskii, R. Aptekar, E. Mazets, V. Pal'shin, D. Frederiks, I. G. Mitrofanov, D. Golovin, A. Kozyrev, M. Litvak, A. B. Sanin, W. Boynton, C. Fellows, K. Harshman, R. Starr, A. Von Kienlin, A. Rau, K. Yamaoka, M. Ohno, Y. FukazawaT. Takahashi, M. Tashiro, Y. Terada, T. Murakami, K. Makishima, S. Barthelmy, J. Cummings, N. Gehrels, H. Krimm, T. Cline, J. Goldsten, E. Del Monte, M. Feroci, M. Marisaldi, M. Briggs, V. Connaughton, C. Meegan, D. M. Smith, C. Wigger, W. Hajdas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Scopus citations


The 3rd interplanetary network (IPN), which has been in operation since 1990, presently consists of 9 spacecraft: AGILE, Fermi, RHESSI, Suzaku, and Swift, in low Earth orbit; INTEGRAL, in eccentric Earth orbit with apogee 0.5 light-seconds; Wind, up to ∼7 light-seconds from Earth; MESSENGER, en route to Mercury; and Mars Odyssey, in orbit around Mars. The IPN operates as a full-time, all-sky monitor for transients down to a threshold of about 6×10-7 erg cm-2 or 1 photon cm-2 s-1. It detects ∼335 cosmic gamma-ray bursts per year. These events are generally not the same ones detected by narrower field of view instruments such as Swift, INTEGRAL IBIS, SuperAGILE, and MAXI; the localization accuracy is in the several arcminute and above range. The data are publicly available and can be utilized for a wide variety of studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGamma Ray Bursts 2010, GRB 2010
Number of pages4
StatePublished - 2011
EventGamma Ray Bursts 2010, GRB 2010 - Annapolis, MD, United States
Duration: Nov 1 2010Nov 4 2010

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616


OtherGamma Ray Bursts 2010, GRB 2010
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAnnapolis, MD


  • Bursts
  • Gamma-rays
  • Instrumentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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