The structure of ScC2(X &tild; 2A1): A combined Fourier transform microwave/millimeter-wave spectroscopic and computational study

M. A. Burton, Q. Cheng, D. T. Halfen, J. H. Lane, N. J. Deyonker, L. M. Ziurys

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5 Scopus citations


Pure rotational spectra of Sc13C2 (X2A1) and Sc12C13C (X2A′) have been measured using Fourier transform microwave/millimeter-wave methods. These molecules were synthesized in a DC discharge from the reaction of scandium vapor, produced via laser ablation, with 13CH4 or 13CH4/12CH4, diluted in argon. The NKa,Kc = 10,1 → 00,0, 20,2 → 10,1, 30,3 → 20,2, and 40,4 → 30,3 transitions in the frequency range of 14 GHz-61 GHz were observed for both species, each exhibiting hyperfine splittings due to the nuclear spins of 13C (I = 1/2) and/or Sc (I = 7/2). These data have been analyzed with an asymmetric top Hamiltonian, and rotational, spin-rotation, and hyperfine parameters have been determined for Sc13C2 and Sc12C13C. In addition, a quartic force field was calculated for ScC2 and its isotopologues using a highly accurate coupled cluster-based composite method, incorporating complete basis set extrapolation, scalar relativistic corrections, outer core and inner core electron correlation, and higher-order valence correlation effects. The agreement between experimental and computed rotational constants, including the effective constant (B + C), is ∼0.5% for all three isotopologues. This remarkable agreement suggests promise in predicting rotational spectra of new transition metal-carbon bearing molecules. In combination with previous work on Sc12C2, an accurate structure for ScC2 has been established using combined experimental (B, C) and theoretical (A) rotational constants. The radical is cyclic (or T-shaped) with r(Sc-C) = 2.048(2) Å, r(C-C) = 1.272(2) Å, and 〉(C-Sc-C) = 36.2(1)°. The experimental and theoretical results also suggest that ScC2 contains a C2- moiety and is largely ionic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number034304
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 21 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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