The Sejong Open Cluster Survey (SOS). VII. A Photometric Study of the Young Open Cluster IC 1590

Seulgi Kim, Beomdu Lim, Michael S. Bessell, Jinyoung S. Kim, Hwankyung Sung

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Young open clusters are ideal laboratories to understand the star formation process. We present deep UBVI and Hα photometry for the young open cluster IC 1590 in the center of the H ii region NGC 281. Early-type members are selected from UBV photometric diagrams, and low-mass pre-main-sequence (PMS) members are identified by using Hα photometry. In addition, the published X-ray source list and Gaia astrometric data are also used to isolate probable members. A total of 408 stars are selected as members. The mean reddening obtained from early-type members is E(B - V) = 0.40 ± 0.06 (s.d.). We confirm the abnormal extinction law for the intracluster medium. The distance modulus to the cluster determined from the zero-age main-sequence fitting method is 12.3 ± 0.2 mag (d = 2.88 ± 0.28 kpc), which is consistent with the distance d = 2.70-0.20+0.24 kpc from the recent Gaia parallaxes. We also estimate the ages and masses of individual members by means of stellar evolutionary models. The mode of the age of PMS stars is about 0.8 Myr. The initial mass function of IC 1590 is derived. It appears to be a steeper shape (Γ = -1.49 ± 0.14) than that of the Salpeter/Kroupa initial mass function for the high-mass regime (m > 1 M o˙). The signature of mass segregation is detected from the difference in the slopes of the initial mass functions for the inner (< 2′5) and outer regions of this cluster. We finally discuss the star formation history in NGC 281.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number140
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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