The role of surfactant protein-A in sinusitis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of reviewSurfactant protein-A (SP-A) is a collectin protein expressed in airway epithelia that is critical in the modulation of both innate and adaptive immunity against inhaled pathogens. In this review, we highlight associations of altered SP-A function in asthma and chronic rhinosinusitis, and its potential role as a targeted therapy for sinusitis.Recent findingsSP-A has been shown to bind and opsonize inhaled pathogens, thereby clearing bacteria through phagocytosis. We have recently identified that SP-A levels are increased in response to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a common bacterial pathogen in chronic rhinosinusitis. Moreover, SP-A has also been shown to modulate epithelial inflammatory mediators and play a role in eosinophil-mediated airway disease. The development of a transgenic murine model expressing human genetic variants of SP-A2 have suggested that the human surfactant protein-A2 223K variant significantly increases eosinophil degranulation, suggesting a genotype-phenotype correlation in human airway disease.SummarySP-A is important in both the innate and adaptive host defense mechanisms in the upper and lower airways. Although research in this field in sinusitis is nascent, initial work suggests that aberrant SP-A regulation may be one etiologic factor in the development of bacterial and eosinophilic-associated sinusitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-29
Number of pages4
JournalCurrent opinion in allergy and clinical immunology
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • CRS
  • SP-A
  • adaptive immunity
  • asthma
  • eosinophil
  • innate immunity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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