The Role of Sexual Orientation in School-Based Victimization: A Meta-Analysis

Russell B. Toomey, Stephen T. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

103 Scopus citations


School-based victimization is associated with poorer developmental, academic, and health outcomes. This meta-analytic review compared the mean levels of school-based victimization experienced by sexual minority youth to those of heterosexual youth, and examined moderators of this difference. Results from 18 independent studies (N = 56,752 participants) suggest that sexual minority youth experience moderately higher levels of school-based victimization compared to heterosexual youth (d = 0.33). This effect varied by two study characteristics: the average effect size increased over time and was larger in studies that had a greater proportion of male participants. Results highlight the need for future research on school-based victimization to include measures of sexual orientation and for interventions to include a component that addresses sexual orientation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)176-201
Number of pages26
JournalYouth and Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016


  • meta-analysis
  • school-based victimization
  • sexual orientation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Social Sciences(all)


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