The Role of Nutritional Access in Malnourished Elderly Undergoing Major Surgery for Acute Abdomen: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis

Shekhar Gogna, David Samson, James Choi, Jorge Con, Kartik Prabhakaran, Peter Rhee, Rifat Latifi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: About 50% of the elderly undergoing emergency abdominal surgery are malnourished. The role of timely surgical nutritional access in this group of patients is unknown. Methods: We analyzed the National Inpatient Sample database from 2009 through the first three-quarters of 2015 of patients aged ≥65 years who were malnourished and underwent major abdominal surgery for the acute abdomen within the first 2 days of hospital admission. Results: Of 3 246 721 patients analyzed, 4311 patients met inclusion criteria. Of these, only 507 (11.8%) patients had surgical nutritional access (gastrostomy or jejunostomy) (group I), while 3804 patients (88.2%) did not (group II). In the propensity score-matched population, there were 482 patients in each group. The patients in group I had lower odds of mortality and postoperative gastrointestinal complications (paralytic ileus, anastomotic dehiscence, and intestinal fistulae) (P-value <.01, respectively). Discussion: Elderly who receive surgical nutritional access have lower rates of gastrointestinal complications and mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1252-1258
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Volume87
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • acute abdomen
  • elderly
  • gastrostomy
  • jejunostomy
  • major surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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