The role of G-quadruplex/i-motif secondary structures as cis-acting regulatory elements

Samantha Kendrick, Laurence H. Hurley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


The nature of DNA has captivated scientists for more than 50 years. The discovery of the double-helix model of DNA by Watson and Crick in 1953 not only established the primary structure of DNA, but also provided the mechanism behind DNA function. Since then, researchers have continued to further the understanding of DNA structure and its pivotal role in transcription. The demonstration of DNA secondary structure formation has allowed for the proposal that the dynamics of DNA itself can function to modulate transcription. This review presents evidence that DNA can exist in a dynamic equilibrium between duplex and secondary conformations. In addition, data demonstrating that intracellular proteins as well as small molecules can shift this equilibrium in either direction to alter gene transcription will be discussed, with a focus on the modulation of proto-oncogene expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1609-1621
Number of pages13
JournalPure and Applied Chemistry
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2010


  • C-myc
  • G-quadruplex
  • I-motif
  • Supercoiling
  • Transcription

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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