The relationship of tidal volume and driving pressure with mortality in hypoxic patients receiving mechanical ventilation

Robert A. Raschke, Brenda Stoffer, Seth Assar, Stephanie Fountain, Kurt Olsen, C. William Heise, Tyler Gallo, Angela Padilla-Jones, Richard Gerkin, Sairam Parthasarathy, Steven C. Curry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose To determine whether tidal volume/predicted body weight (TV/PBW) or driving pressure (DP) are associated with mortality in a heterogeneous population of hypoxic mechanically ventilated patients. Methods A retrospective cohort study involving 18 intensive care units included consecutive patients ≥18 years old, receiving mechanical ventilation for ≥3 days, with a PaO2/FiO2 ratio ≤300 mmHg, whether or not they met full criteria for ARDS. The main outcome was hospital mortality. Multiple logistic regression (MLR) incorporated TV/PBW, DP, and potential confounders including age, APACHE IVa® predicted hospital mortality, respiratory system compliance (CRS), and PaO2/FiO2. Predetermined strata of TV/PBW were compared using MLR. Results Our cohort comprised 5,167 patients with mean age 61.9 years, APACHE IVa® score 79.3, PaO2/FiO2 166 mmHg and CRS 40.5 ml/cm H2O. Regression analysis revealed that patients receiving DP one standard deviation above the mean or higher (≥19 cmH20) had an adjusted odds ratio for mortality (ORmort) = 1.10 (95% CI: 1.06-1.13, p = 0.009). Regression analysis showed a U-shaped relationship between strata of TV/PBW and adjusted mortality. Using TV/PBW 4-6 ml/kg as the referent group, patients receiving >10 ml/kg had similar adjusted ORmort, but those receiving 6-7, 7-8 and 8-10 ml/kg had lower adjusted ORmort (95%CI) of 0.81 (0.65-1.00), 0.78 (0.63-0.97) and 0.80 0.67-1.01) respectively. The adjusted ORmort in patients receiving 4-6 ml/kg was 1.26 (95%CI: 1.04-1.52) compared to patients receiving 6-10 ml/kg. Conclusions Driving pressures ≥19 cmH2O were associated with increased adjusted mortality. TV/PBW 4-6ml/kg were used in less than 15% of patients and associated with increased adjusted mortality compared to TV/PBW 6-10 ml/kg used in 82% of patients. Prospective clinical trials are needed to prove whether limiting DP or the use of TV/PBW 6-10 ml/kg versus 4-6 ml/kg benefits mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0255812
JournalPloS one
Volume16
Issue number8 August
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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