The Properties of Cement-Mortar at Different Cement Strength Classes: Experimental Study and Multi-objective Modeling

Ramin Kazemi, Rasoul Shadnia, Hamid Eskandari-Naddaf, Lianyang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

A multi-scale experimental study was carried out to investigate the porosity, flexural and compressive strengths of cement-mortar at different cement strength classes (CSCs). Specifically, 54 mix designs (totally 324 specimens) were first defined and then the produced cement-mortar specimens were tested to consider their properties. To identify the microstructure of the specimens at different conditions, scanning electron microscope (SEM) imaging and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) analysis were also performed. The results show that the porosity, and flexural and compressive strengths change significantly at different CSCs. At the same mix proportion, the cement-mortar has lower porosity as well as higher flexural and compressive strengths as the CSC gets higher. Considering the combined effects of various parameters on the mentioned properties, a new multi-objective model using artificial neural network (ANN) was proposed to analyze the experimental data of porosity, and flexural and compressive strengths. The results show that the proposed model is able to provide predictions with good accuracy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13381-13396
Number of pages16
JournalArabian Journal for Science and Engineering
Volume47
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Cement strength class
  • Cement-mortar
  • Multi-objective model
  • Multi-scale study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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