The properties and durability of alkali-activated masonry units

S. Ahmari, L. Zhang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

9 Scopus citations


Clay bricks and concrete blocks are two widely used masonry units (MU). Because both contain high embodied energy and have large carbon footprint, much research has been conducted on developing sustainable alternatives such as geopolymer masonry units (GMU) for them. This chapter first reviews the production of GMU from different types of wastes and then discusses the physical and mechanical properties and durability of GMU based on different types of wastes. Finally, some suggestions for future work on GMU are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHandbook of Alkali-Activated Cements, Mortars and Concretes
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9781782422884
ISBN (Print)9781782422761
StatePublished - 2015


  • Durability
  • Geopolymer
  • Industrial waste
  • Masonry units
  • Mechanical properties
  • Microstructure
  • Physical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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