The plausibility of homeopathy: The systemic memory mechanism

Gary E.R. Schwartz, Linda G.S. Russek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Despite 200 years of practice of high dilution therapy known as homeopathy, and despite a number of recent studies documenting homeopathic treatment effects under double-blind conditions, the medical and scientific community has generally dismissed these findings because of a lack of a plausible mechanism for the observed effects. This article outlines how modem systems science reenvisions memory in water and dynamic systems in general. We present the logic that inexorably leads to the prediction that recurrent feedback interactions result in the storage of information and the creation of systemic memories in dynamic systems at all levels in nature. The complex nonlinear interactions that naturally accumulate through the circulation of information and energy in systems are shown to be dynamic memories that reflect the evolving identity of systems as emerging wholes. The theory provides a highly plausible mechanism for understanding numerous seemingly implausible and controversial observations in contemporary science and medicine, including memory in water and homeopathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-59
Number of pages7
JournalIntegrative Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1998


  • Homeopathy
  • Logic
  • Systemic memory
  • Systems theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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