The persistence of cool galactic winds in high stellar mass galaxies between z ∼ 1.4 and ∼1

Kate H.R. Rubin, Benjamin J. Weiner, David C. Koo, Crystal L. Martin, J. Xavier Prochaska, Alison L. Coil, Jeffrey A. Newman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

157 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present an analysis of the Mgii λλ2796, 2803 and Feii λλ 2586, 2600 absorption line profiles in co-added spectra of 468 galaxies at 0.7 < z < 1.5. The galaxy sample, drawn from the Team Keck Treasury Redshift Survey of the GOODS-N field, has a range in stellar mass (M*) comparable to that of the sample at z ∼ 1.4 analyzed in a similar manner by Weiner et al. (W09), but extends to lower redshifts and has specific star formation rates which are lower by ∼0.6 dex. We identify outflows of cool gas from the Doppler shift of the Mg ii absorption lines and find that the equivalent width (EW) of absorption due to outflowing gas increases on average with M* and star formation rate (SFR). We attribute the large EWs measured in spectra of the more massive, higher-SFR galaxies to optically thick absorbing clouds having large velocity widths. The outflows have hydrogen column densities N(H) ≳ 1019.4 cm -2 and extend to velocities of ∼500 km s-1. While galaxies with SFR > 10 M yr-1 host strong outflows in both this and the W09 sample, we do not detect outflows in lower-SFR (i.e., log M*/M ≲ 10.5) galaxies at lower redshifts. Using a simple galaxy evolution model that assumes exponentially declining SFRs, we infer that strong outflows persist in galaxies with log M*/M > 10.5 as they age between z = 1.4 and z ∼ 1, presumably because of their high absolute SFRs. Finally, our spectral analysis, combined with high-resolution Hubble Space Telescope/Advanced Camera for Surveys imaging, weakly suggests that outflow absorption strength increases with galaxy SFR surface density.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1503-1525
Number of pages23
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume719
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 20 2010

Keywords

  • Galaxies: ISM
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Ultraviolet: ISM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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