The onset-offset n1-p2 auditory evoked response in individuals with high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss: Responses to broadband noise

Jennifer E. Gonzalez, Frank E. Musiek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: Clinical use of electrophysiologic measures has been limited to use of brief stimuli to evoke responses. While brief stimuli elicit onset responses in individuals with normal hearing and normal central auditory nervous system (CANS) function, responses represent the integrity of a fraction of the mainly excitatory central auditory neurons. Longer stimuli could provide information regarding excitatory and inhibitory CANS function. Our goal was to measure the onset-offset N1-P2 auditory evoked response in subjects with normal hearing and subjects with moderate high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss (HFSNHL) to determine whether the response can be measured in individuals with moderate HFSNHL and, if so, whether waveform components differ between participant groups. Method: Waveforms were obtained from 10 participants with normal hearing and seven participants with HFSNHL aged 40-67 years using 2,000-ms broadband noise stimuli with 40-ms rise-fall times presented at 50 dB SL referenced to stimulus threshold. Amplitudes and latencies were analyzed via repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA). N1 and P2 onset latencies were compared to offset counterparts viarepeated-measures ANOVA after subtracting 2,000 ms from the offset latencies to account for stimulus duration. Offset-to-onset trough-to-peak amplitude ratios between groups were compared using a one-way ANOVA. Results: Responses were evoked from all participants. There were no differences between participant groups for the waveform components measured. Response x Participant Group interactions were not significant. Offset N1-P2 latencies were significantly shorter than onset counterparts after adjusting for stimulus duration (normal hearing: 43 ms shorter; HFSNHL: 47 ms shorter).Conclusions: Onset-offset N1-P2 responses were resistant to moderate HFSNHL. It is likely that the onset was elicited by the presentation of a sound in silence and the offset by the change in stimulus envelope from plateau to fall, suggesting an excitatory onset response and an inhibitory-influenced offset response. Results indicated this protocol can be used to investigate CANS function in individuals with moderate HFSNHL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-432
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican journal of audiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Speech and Hearing


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