The millimeter-wave spectrum of the SiP radical (X2Πi): Rotational perturbations and hyperfine structure

M. A. Burton, P. M. Sheridan, L. M. Ziurys

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2 Scopus citations


The millimeter/submillimeter-wave spectrum of the SiP radical (X2Πi) has been recorded using direct absorption spectroscopy in the frequency range of 151-532 GHz. SiP was synthesized in an AC discharge from the reaction of SiH4 and gas-phase phosphorus, in argon carrier gas. Both spin-orbit ladders were observed. Fifteen rotational transitions were measured originating in the ω = 3/2 ladder, and twelve in the ω = 1/2 substate, each exhibiting lambda doubling and, at lower frequencies, hyperfine interactions from the phosphorus nuclear spin of I = 1/2. The lambda-doublets in the ω = 1/2 levels appeared to be perturbed at higher J, with the f component deviating from the predicted pattern, likely due to interactions with the nearby excited A2ς+ electronic state, where ΔEΠ-ς ∼430 cm-1. The data were analyzed using a Hund's case aβ Hamiltonian and rotational, spin-orbit, lambda-doubling, and hyperfine parameters were determined. A 2Π/2ς deperturbation analysis was also performed, considering spin-orbit, spin-electronic, and L-uncoupling interactions. Although SiP is clearly not a hydride, the deperturbed parameters derived suggest that the pure precession hypothesis may be useful in assessing the 2Π/2ς interaction. Interpretation of the Fermi contact term, bF, the spin-dipolar constant, c, and the nuclear spin-orbital parameter, a, indicates that the orbital of the unpaired electron is chiefly pπ in character. The bond length in the v = 0 level was found to be r0 = 2.076 Å, suggestive of a double bond between the silicon and phosphorus atoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number184307
JournalJournal of Chemical Physics
Issue number18
StatePublished - Nov 14 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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