The microscope for Beagle 2

N. Thomas, B. S. Lüthi, S. F. Hviid, H. U. Keller, W. J. Markiewicz, T. Blümchen, A. T. Basilevsky, P. H. Smith, R. Tanner, C. Oquest, R. Reynolds, J. L. Josset, S. Beauvivre, B. Hofmann, P. Rüffer, C. T. Pillinger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


The microscope for the Beagle 2 lander, which was launched as part of the European Space Agency's Mars Express mission on 2 June 2003, will provide images of the Martian surface at around 6 μm resolution. It will provide optical images of the surface of Mars at a resolution 5 times higher than any other experiment currently planned. The device has a working distance of 12 mm and uses a set of 12 light-emitting diodes which surround the aperture to illuminate the sample in four colours. The target is brought into focus using a stepper motor. This article describes the scientific objectives and the design of the microscope. It also discusses initial results from ground calibration exercises which were designed to validate the system and describes aspects of its operation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)853-866
Number of pages14
JournalPlanetary and Space Science
Issue number9
StatePublished - Aug 2004


  • Beagle 2
  • Instrument
  • Lander
  • Mars
  • Microscope

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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