The Kinematics and Excitation of Infrared Water Vapor Emission from Planet-forming Disks: Results from Spectrally Resolved Surveys and Guidelines for JWST Spectra

Andrea Banzatti, Klaus M. Pontoppidan, José Pérez Chávez, Colette Salyk, Lindsey Diehl, Simon Bruderer, Gregory J. Herczeg, Andres Carmona, Ilaria Pascucci, Sean Brittain, Stanley Jensen, Sierra Grant, Ewine F. van Dishoeck, Inga Kamp, Arthur D. Bosman, Karin I. Öberg, Geoff A. Blake, Michael R. Meyer, Eric Gaidos, Adwin BoogertJohn T. Rayner, Caleb Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

This work presents ground-based spectrally resolved water emission at R = 30,000-100,000 over infrared wavelengths covered by the JWST (2.9-12.8 μm). Two new surveys with iSHELL and the VISIR are combined with previous spectra from the CRIRES to cover parts of multiple rovibrational and rotational bands observable within telluric transmission bands, for a total of ≈160 spectra and 85 disks (30 of which are JWST targets in Cycle 1). The general expectation of a range of regions and excitation conditions traced by infrared water spectra is for the first time supported by the combined kinematics and excitation as spectrally resolved at multiple wavelengths. The main findings from this analysis are: (1) water lines are progressively narrower from the rovibrational bands at 2-9 μm to the rotational lines at 12 μm, and partly match broad and narrow emission components, respectively, as extracted from rovibrational CO spectra; (2) rotation diagrams of resolved water lines from upper-level energies of 4000-9500 K show vertical spread and curvatures indicative of optically thick emission (≈1018 cm−2) from a range of excitation temperatures (≈800-1100 K); and (3) the new 5 μm spectra demonstrate that slab model fits to the rotational lines at >10 μm strongly overpredict the rovibrational emission bands at <9 μm, implying vibrational excitation not in thermodynamic equilibrium. We discuss these findings in the context of emission from a disk surface and a molecular inner disk wind, and provide a list of guidelines to support the analysis of spectrally unresolved JWST spectra.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number72
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume165
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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  • IR water vapor emission from planet-forming disks

    Banzatti, A. (Creator), Pontoppidan, K. M. (Creator), Chávez, J. P. (Contributor), Salyk, C. (Creator), Diehl, L. (Creator), Bruderer, S. (Creator), Herczeg, G. J. (Creator), Carmona, A. (Creator), Pascucci, I. (Creator), Brittain, S. (Creator), Jensen, S. (Creator), Grant, S. (Creator), van Dishoeck, E. F. (Contributor), Kamp, I. (Creator), Bosman, A. D. (Creator), Öberg, K. I. (Contributor), Blake, G. A. (Creator), Meyer, M. R. (Creator), Gaidos, E. (Creator), Boogert, A. (Creator), Rayner, J. T. (Creator) & Wheeler, C. (Creator), Centre de Donnees Strasbourg (CDS), 2023

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