The Jovian surface condition and cooling rate

W. B. Hubbard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


A theory which is almost fully analytic is used to investigate Jupiter's cooling rate. We find that a simple model of contraction with adiabatic interior structure gives a total cooling time to the present which is in good agreement with the age of the solar system. The interplay between the surface condition and the cooling rate is exhibited and discussed. The current rate of change of the effective temperature is calculated to be -1°K/0.145×109 yr. Discrepancies with fully numerical investigations of the Jovian age and cooling rate are noted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-310
Number of pages6
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1977

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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