We use Spitzer Space Telescope 24 μm data to search for debris disks among 122 AFGKM stars from the ∼670 Myr clusters Hyades, Coma Ber, and Praesepe, utilizing a number of advances in data reduction and determining the intrinsic colors of main-sequence stars. For our sample, the 1σ dispersion about the main-sequence V-KS , KS - locus is approximately 3.1%. We identify seven debris disks at 10% or more (≥3σ confidence level) above the expected KS - for purely photospheric emission. The incidence of excesses of 10% or greater in our sample at this age is 5.7+3.1 - 1.7%. Combining with results from the literature, the rate is 7.8+4.2 - 2.1% for early-type (B9-F4) stars and 2.7+3.3 - 1.7% for solar-like (F5-K9) stars. Our primary sample has strict criteria for inclusion to allow comparison with other work; when we relax these criteria, three additional debris disks are detected. They are all around stars of solar-like type and hence reinforce our conclusion that disks around such stars are still relatively common at 670 Myr and are similar to the rate around early-type stars. The apparently small difference in decay rates between early-type and solar-like stars is inconsistent with the first-order theoretical predictions that the later type stellar disks would decay an order of magnitude more quickly than the earlier type ones.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - May 10 2012|
- circumstellar matter
- infrared: stars
- open clusters and associations: individual (Hyades, Coma Ber, Praesepe)
- planetary systems
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science
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24um observations of AFGKM stars of 3 clusters
Urban, L. E. (Creator), Rieke, G. H. (Creator), Su, K. Y. (Creator) & Trilling, D. E. (Creator), Centre de Donnees Strasbourg (CDS), 2014
DOI: 10.26093/cds/vizier.17500098, https://cdsarc.cds.unistra.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/ApJ/750/98