Background: The incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) has been on the rise. However, the excess burden added by AF to the morbidity and mortality of CLL patients especially in the hospitalized setting is undetermined. Methods: The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was accessed to gather data of hospitalized CLL patients with AF from 2009 to 2018. Propensity-score matching (PSM) and logistic regression model were performed to control for baseline patient factors to match 7265 CLL patient admissions with AF and 7265 CLL patient admissions without AF. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality (ACM), while the secondary outcomes included acute coronary syndrome (ACS), acute myocardial infarction (AMI), and the need for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), acute heart failure (AHF), acute hypoxic respiratory failure (AHRF), cardiac arrest (CA), cardiogenic shock (CS), stroke, and the total cost of hospitalization. Results: CLL patients with AF had a higher rate of ACM (6.06% vs 4.47%; odds ratio [OR] 1.39, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.19-1.61; P =< .001). All other secondary outcomes including ACS, AMI, PCI, AHRF, CA, CS, and stroke were observed at a significantly higher rate in the AF group as well. The median total hospital cost was also higher in the AF group ($9097 vs. $7646; P value < .0001) Conclusion: CLL patients with AF are at a significantly increased risk of all-cause mortality, cardiac-related mortality, and stroke. For this population, a multidisciplinary approach should be orchestrated for better management and outcomes.
- Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitors
- Targeted therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research