THE IAEA FORENSICS PROGRAM: RESULTS of the AMS 14C INTERCOMPARISON EXERCISE on CONTEMPORARY WINES and COFFEES

G. Quarta, I. Hajdas, M. Molnár, T. Varga, L. Calcagnile, M. D'Elia, A. Molnar, J. F. Dias, A. J.T. Jull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In the frame of the IAEA-CRP (Coordinated Research Projects): Enhancing Nuclear Analytical Techniques to Meet the Needs of Forensic Sciences, an intercomparison exercise was organized between three AMS laboratories. Aim of the program is to promote the use of nuclear and accelerator-based techniques in routine forensics practice. In this view, one of the key points is the assessment of the precision and accuracy levels achievable on material of forensic interest. We review the general structure and status of the project, with emphasis on results obtained in the analysis of wines of different grape varieties and grounded coffee beans from different locations such as Brazil, Spain, and Italy. The three laboratories processed the samples according to different chemical protocols and performed the 14C measurements using different systems: MICADAS in Zurich and Debrecen and a HVEE 4130HC 3 MV Tandetron in Lecce. Within the quoted uncertainty, the results showed good reproducibility, indicating that uncertainty level of the order of 0.3% are achieved by AMS on a single sample while multiple sample analyses results in precision down to 0.1-0.2%. The measured 14C concentrations on coffee and wine samples resulted to be consistent with atmospheric 14C levels in the growing years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalRadiocarbon
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • AMS
  • bomb peak
  • food
  • forensics
  • radiocarbon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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