The global thermophysical properties of (433) Eros

M. L. Hinkle, E. S. Howell, Y. R. Fernández, C. Magri, R. J. Vervack, S. E. Marshall, J. L. Crowell, A. S. Rivkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present results from a shape-based, rotationally-resolved thermophysical model of near-Earth asteroid (433) Eros, using reflected and near-IR spectra collected at the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility (IRTF) over 18 nights (25 disk-integrated spectra in total) from 2009 to 2019. The data sample a variety of viewing geometries, illumination angles, and rotational phases and therefore allow us to characterize Eros's surface physical properties in detail, particularly at wavelengths in the thermal near-IR regime (λ > 3.5 μm) that were not measured by the NEAR Shoemaker mission. Eros's shape, spin state, density, albedo, and other physical properties measured by NEAR were incorporated into our model, leaving thermal inertia and surface roughness as free parameters. We find that a thermal inertia range of 100–150 J m−2 K−1 s-1/2 and a roughness crater fraction of 0.3–0.4 with crater opening angle 130° (equivalent adirectional rms slope angle of 32° +/− 4°) fit data from 18 spectra at the 1σ level, but do not fit the remaining 7 spectra. This suggests that Eros's thermal properties vary over its surface, which has important implications for linking remote sensing data to spacecraft measurements of the physical properties of near-Earth asteroids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number114939
JournalIcarus
Volume382
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Asteroid
  • Eros
  • Near earth
  • Near infrared
  • Thermophysical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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