The Gilded Clot: Review of Metal-Modulated Platelet Activation, Coagulation, and Fibrinolysis

Vance G. Nielsen, Tanner Goff, Brent D. Hunsaker, Coulter D. Neves

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The processes of blood coagulation and fibrinolysis that in part maintain the physical integrity of the circulatory system and fluidity of its contents are complex as they are critical for life. While the roles played by cellular components and circulating proteins in coagulation and fibrinolysis are widely acknowledged, the impact of metals on these processes is at best underappreciated. In this narrative review we identify twenty-five metals that can modulate the activity of platelets, plasmatic coagulation, and fibrinolysis as determined by in vitro and in vivo investigations involving several species besides human beings. When possible, the molecular interactions of the various metals with key cells and proteins of the hemostatic system were identified and displayed in detail. It is our intention that this work serve not as an ending point, but rather as a fair evaluation of what mechanisms concerning metal interactions with the hemostatic system have been elucidated, and as a beacon to guide future investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3302
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • activated partial prothrombin time
  • coagulation
  • fibrinogen
  • fibrinolysis
  • metal poisoning
  • metals
  • platelets aggregation
  • prothrombin time
  • thrombelastography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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