The gamma-ray burst hubble diagram and its implications for cosmology

Jun Jie Wei, Xue Feng Wu, Fulvio Melia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


In this paper, we continue to build support for the proposal to use gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) as standard candles in constructing the Hubble diagram at redshifts beyond the current reach of Type Ia supernova observations. We confirm that correlations among certain spectral and light-curve features can indeed be used as luminosity indicators, and demonstrate from the most up-to-date GRB sample appropriate for this work that the CDM model optimized with these data is characterized by parameter values consistent with those in the concordance model. Specifically, we find that (ωm, ωδ ≈ (0.25+0.05 0.06, 0.75 +0.06 0.05), which are consistent, to within 1, with (0.29, 0.71) obtained from the 9 yr Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe data. We also carry out a comparative analysis between ta;CDM and the Rh = ct universe and find that the optimal δCDM model fits the GRB Hubble diagram with a reduced ?2 dof ≈ 2.26, whereas the fit using Rh = ct results in a ?2 dof ≈ 2.14. In both cases, about 20% of the events lie at least 2? away from the best-fit curves, suggesting that either some contamination by non-standard GRB luminosities is unavoidable or that the errors and intrinsic scatter associated with the data are being underestimated. With these optimized fits, we use three statistical toolsthe Akaike information criterion, the Kullback information criterion, and the Bayes information criterionto show that, based on the GRB Hubble diagram, the likelihood of Rh = ct being closer to the correct model is ∼85%96%, compared to ∼4%15% for δCDM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number43
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 20 2013


  • cosmology: observations
  • cosmology: theory
  • dark energy
  • early universe
  • gamma-ray burst: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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