The first year of SN 2004dj in NGC 2403

J. Vinkó, K. Takáts, K. Sárneczky, Gy M. Szabó, Sz Mészáros, R. Csorvási, T. Szalai, A. Gáspár, A. Pál, Sz Csizmadia, A. Kóspál, M. Rácz, M. Kun, B. Csák, G. Fürész, H. DeBond, J. Grunhut, J. Thomson, S. Mochnacki, T. Koktay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


New BV RI photometry and optical spectroscopy of the Type Up supernova 2004dj in NGC 2403, obtained during the first year since discovery, are presented. The progenitor cluster, Sandage 96, is also detected on pre-explosion frames. The light curve indicates that the explosion occurred about 30 d before discovery, and the plateau phase lasted about +110 ± 20 d after that. The plateau-phase spectra have been modelled with the SYNOW spectral synthesis code using H, Na I, Ti II, ScII, Fe II and Ba I lines. The SN distance is inferred from the expanding photosphere method and the standard candle method applicable for SNe IIp. They resulted in distances that are consistent with each other as well as earlier Cepheid and Tully-Fisher distances. The average distance, D = 3.47 ± 0.29 Mpc is proposed for SN 2004dj and NGC 2403. The nickel mass produced by the explosion is estimated as ∼0.02 ± 0.01 M. The spectral energy distribution of the progenitor cluster is reanalysed by fitting population synthesis models to our observed BV RI data supplemented by U and JHK magnitudes from the literature. The Χ2 minimization revealed a possible 'young' solution with cluster age T cl = 8Myr, and an 'old' solution with Tcl = 20-30Myr. The 'young' solution would imply a progenitor mass M > 20 M, which is higher than the previously detected progenitor masses for Type II SNe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1780-1796
Number of pages17
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • Galaxies: individual: NGC 2403
  • Stars: evolution
  • Supernovae: individual: SN 2004dj

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


Dive into the research topics of 'The first year of SN 2004dj in NGC 2403'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this