The Empirical Foundations of Teleradiology and Related Applications: A Review of the Evidence

Rashid L. Bashshur, Elizabeth A. Krupinski, James H. Thrall, Noura Bashshur

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

51 Scopus citations


Introduction: Radiology was founded on a technological discovery by Wilhelm Roentgen in 1895. Teleradiology also had its roots in technology dating back to 1947 with the successful transmission of radiographic images through telephone lines. Diagnostic radiology has become the eye of medicine in terms of diagnosing and treating injury and disease. This article documents the empirical foundations of teleradiology. Methods: A selective review of the credible literature during the past decade (2005-2015) was conducted, using robust research design and adequate sample size as criteria for inclusion. Findings: The evidence regarding feasibility of teleradiology and related information technology applications has been well documented for several decades. The majority of studies focused on intermediate outcomes, as indicated by comparability between teleradiology and conventional radiology. A consistent trend of concordance between the two modalities was observed in terms of diagnostic accuracy and reliability. Additional benefits include reductions in patient transfer, rehospitalization, and length of stay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)868-898
Number of pages31
JournalTelemedicine and e-Health
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2016


  • telemedicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management


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