The Effects of Osteoarthritis on Depressive Symptomatology Among Older U.S. Military Veterans

Christopher J. Burant, Gregory C. Graham, Gary Deimling, Denise Kresevic, Eva Kahana, May Wykle, C. Kent Kwoh, Said A. Ibrahim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of disability among older adults. By 2050, approximately 60 million will suffer from arthritis adding up to a total societal cost of $65 billion. Chronic illnesses resulting in pain, and functional decline have been associated with depression in previous studies. A causal model was developed and tested using structural equation modeling that examined depression scores of 503 older (age 50-85), male Veterans with moderate to severe symptomatic OA of the knee\hip. The results of the structural equation modeling produced a final model of depressive symptomatology that fit the data well (Chi square = 12.23, DF = 11, p =.346; TLI =.99; CFI = 1.00; RMSEA =.02). The findings indicate the central role that OA severity (pain, stiffness, and functional difficulties) plays in the mental health of older Veterans in terms of the level of reported depressive symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Aging and Human Development
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • depressive symptomatology
  • health disparities
  • joint replacement
  • osteoarthritis severity
  • race
  • veterans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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