Disturbances in intracellular calcium homeostasis may play a role in the injury induced by various haloalkene cysteine conjugates. The effects of S‐(1,2,3,4,4‐pentachloro‐1,3‐butadienyl)‐L‐cysteine (PCBC), S‐(1,2‐dichlorovinyl)‐L‐cysteine (DCVC), and S‐(1,1,2,2‐tetrafluoroethyl)‐L‐cysteine (TFEC) on cytosolic free calcium levels were examined in suspensions of rat renal proximal tubules. Cytosolic free calcium levels, measured with fura 2, in control tubules, were 112 ± 3 nM and increased more than 200% within 1 minute after exposure to the calcium ionophore ionomycin (0.005 mM). PCBC (0.1 mM) increased cytosolic free calcium levels 18% after 5 minutes, while tubular oxygen consumption was unaffected. DCVC (1 mM) did not alter tubular cytosolic free calcium levels or oxygen consumption under similar conditions. TFEC (1 mM) increased cytosolic free calcium levels 36%, had no effect on basal oxygen consumption, and decreased nystatin‐stimulated oxygen consumption 30% after 5 minutes. TFEC increased cytosolic free calcium levels in tubules incubated in a nominally calcium‐free buffer but not in a calcium containing buffer in the presence of EGTA. The data suggest that the TFEC‐induced increase in cytosolic free calcium levels may result from an influx of extracellular calcium or from inhibition of calcium efflux. The increase in cytosolic free calcium levels preceded changes in basal oxygen consumption in tubules exposed to PCBC and TFEC. This study shows that an increase in cytosolic free calcium levels is an early event following PCBC and TFEC but not DCVC exposure.
- Cytosolic Free Calcium
- Haloalkene Cysteine Conjugates
- Rat Renal Proximal Tubules
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