The effects of ejection fraction on N-terminal ProBNP and BNP levels in patients with acute CHF: analysis from the ProBNP Investigation of Dyspnea in the Emergency Department (PRIDE) study.

Michelle O'Donoghue, Annabel Chen, Aaron L. Baggish, Saif Anwaruddin, Daniel G. Krauser, Roderick Tung, James L. Januzzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Limited data exist regarding the impact of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) on N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in patients with acute congestive heart failure (CHF). METHODS AND RESULTS: LVEF data were analyzed for 153 subjects with acute CHF. LVEF > or =50% was defined as non-systolic CHF (NS-CHF); LVEF >50% was defined as systolic CHF (S-CHF). 76 subjects (49.7%) had NS-CHF. Median NT-proBNP and BNP levels were significantly higher among patients with S-CHF (6196 pg/mL, 592 pg/mL, respectively) compared with those patients with NS-CHF (2849 pg/mL, 259 pg/mL, respectively). With optimal cut-points, a false-negative rate of 7% was observed for both assays among patients with S-CHF. Among patients with NS-CHF, BNP had a significantly higher false-negative rate (20%) than did NT-proBNP (9%; P < .001 for difference). NT-proBNP, but not BNP, significantly correlated with CHF symptom severity among patients with NS-CHF. CONCLUSION: Levels of both NT-proBNP and BNP are significantly lower in patients with NS-CHF; however, in contrast to NT-proBNP, BNP may be falsely negative in up to 20% of patients with NS-CHF and does not correlate with symptom severity in NS-CHF. NT-proBNP appears superior to BNP for the evaluation of suspected acute CHF in patients with preserved LVEF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S9-14
JournalJournal of cardiac failure
Volume11
Issue number5 Suppl
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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