The effect of sexual violence on negotiated outcomes in civil conflicts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Combatants used sexual violence in approximately half of all civil conflicts since 1989. We expect that when groups resort to sexual violence they are organizationally vulnerable, unlikely to win, and as such they are inclined to salvage something from the conflict by way of a settlement. Using quantitative analysis of data on civil conflicts in the post-Cold War period, we find that a higher prevalence of sexual violence perpetrated by government forces precipitates negotiated outcomes. This is particularly true in contexts where both government and rebel forces utilize comparable levels of wartime rape and other forms of sexual abuse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-247
Number of pages15
JournalConflict Management and Peace Science
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2018


  • Civil conflict
  • civilian victimization
  • conflict termination
  • gender-based violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Political Science and International Relations


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