The effect of self-care information on health- related attitudes and beliefs of college students

Stephen Joel Coons, William F. McGhan, J. Lyle Bootman, Lon N. Larson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


We conducted a study to determine whether an intervention using self-care information would change college students' attitudes and beliefs concerning personal responsibility and involvement in their own health care. Individuals entering a student health service were randomly assigned to a treatment or control group. Members of the treatment group (n = 187) received the intervention and completed the survey instrument. Members of the control group (n = 204) completed the survey instrument only. The intervention consisted of one page of general information about the benefits to individuals of taking responsibility for their own health and a booklet containing excerpts from a consumer-oriented health care book. The survey instrument was composed of a measure of attitudes toward information and behavioral involvement in health care and a measure of beliefs regarding control over one's health. Results indicated that the intervention was able to change the treatment group's attitudes regarding active participation in health care. The treatment group's responses also reflected less belief that health was outside of the individual's control. The study showed that a positive change in health-related attitudes and beliefs can result from a relatively uncomplicated informational intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-124
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American College Health Association
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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