The effect of non-conformal finite element boundaries on electrical monodomain and bidomain simulations

Darrell Swenson, Joshua Levine, Zhisong Fu, Jess Tate, Rob MacLeod

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The simulation of electrical activity in the heart, such as normal and abnormal ventricular rhythms and ischemia, utilize computational methods that rely on an underlying geometric model, or polygonal mesh of cardiac tissues and boundaries. Because of the complex shape of many biological structures, it is often difficult to create meshes that conform to the boundaries between distinct regions. The resulting meshes can be non-conformal, i.e., they have element faces that do not align with the surface tangents and the elements represent a smooth surface as a jagged boundary. We hypothesize that these jagged, nonconformal meshes produce local concentrations of current that lead to artifacts large enough to distort the resulting potential fields and generate misleading results. In simulations of acute ischemia, these artifacts can alter the location and severity of the epicardial elevations and depressions, which, in turn, can impact clinical diagnosis. In the case of defibrillation, these artifacts can distort the current density computed through thin structures such as the myocardial wall.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationComputing in Cardiology 2010, CinC 2010
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages97-100
Number of pages4
ISBN (Print)9781424473182
StatePublished - 2010
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameComputing in Cardiology
Volume37
ISSN (Print)2325-8861
ISSN (Electronic)2325-887X

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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