Spectral measurements were performed in a laser-induced plasma to assess the changes in sodium or magnesium analyte emission response from particle-derived sources with the addition of concomitant mass to the aerosol particles. Temporally resolved measurements revealed up to a 50% enhancement in analyte emission with the addition of the elements copper, zinc or tungsten at mass ratios from 1:9 to 1:19, although the enhancement generally diminished by delay times of 60 μs. Additional measurements in magnesium-cadmium aerosol particles were performed to assess the temporal profile of plasma temperature in the spatial vicinity of the aerosol particles using the ion-to-neutral emission ratios. These measurements revealed a general increase in localized plasma temperature with increasing delay time, which is attributed with an initial suppression of plasma temperature about the aerosol particles as plasma energy is required to vaporize and ionize the aerosol particle mass. These measurements provide direct evidence of a matrix effect for aerosol particles, which is attributed primarily to perturbations in the localized plasma properties. These perturbations are minimized at longer plasma delay times; hence quantitative LIBS analysis of aerosol particles should be performed with careful attention given to the temporal plasma evolution. The data further elucidate the complex interactions between the plasma gas and the aerosol particles, during which the finite time-scales of particle dissociation, and heat and mass transfer are equally important.
- Aerosol analysis
- Laser-induced plasma spectroscopy
- Matrix effects
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics