The effect of endotoxin on functional parameters of mammary CID-9 cells

B. Safieh-Garabedian, G. M. Mouneimne, W. El-Jouni, M. Khattar, R. Talhouk

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The effect of endotoxin on mammary CID-9 cells, which differentiate in culture and express β-casein, was investigated. Cells in culture supplemented with lactogenic hormones and dripped with EMS-Matrix (EMS-drip), were treated daily with endotoxin (0.5-500 μg/ml). Endotoxin at concentrations of less or equal to 10 μg/ml did not affect cell growth and viability up to 5 days post endotoxin treatment. Endotoxin (0.01-10 μg/ml) was added to the culture medium, upon confluence, and functional parameters were examined within 48 h post endotoxin treatment. Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) (p52) increased in nuclear extracts from endotoxin-stimulated cells within 1 h of treatment, while β-casein mRNA and protein expression decreased in a concentration-dependent manner at 24 and 48 h post treatment. Zymography showed that the 72 and 92 kDa gelatinase activity increased in cells at 24 and 48 h post endotoxin treatment at 10 and 50 μg/ml. At the latter concentration, the active form of 72 kDa gelatinase was induced at 48 h. Interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α levels increased at 1-3 h post endotoxin treatment and peaked at 6 h in cells on plastic and EHS-drip. Nerve growth factor (NGF) levels increased in control and endotoxin-treated cells in a time-dependent manner, and endotoxin increased NGF levels in culture at 6 and 9 h post endotoxin treatment. This study shows that endotoxin activated NF-κB, suppressed β-casein expression and upregulated gelatinases, cytokines and NGF. This model could be used to investigate the role of mammary cells in initiating and propagating inflammation and to test candidate molecules for potential anti-inflammatory properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-406
Number of pages10
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Embryology
  • Endocrinology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Cell Biology


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